The preparation for any
planting starts with
- A soil test and adding the ground amendments
(nutrients) as necessary.
- Removal of all obstacles and fully cultivating the
site and smoothing the soil back down. The ground should be as
level as possible without small hills or depressions left on the
- Pre-packing the soil before seeding will take care of this
problem. This assures an even lawn-mowing surface and good seed to
soil contact to get the most moisture transferred to the seeds.
The best planting season for fescue grass falls between Sept. 15 through Nov. 1. in most of the
fescue adapted areas. Planting early in the fall allows for more time for seedlings to establish before
the hot summer weather sets in the following summer. Fescue grass can best handle
summers when planted in the fall and watered infrequently but deeply
The seeding of fescue lawns or pastures
is accomplished by using a broadcast spreader for large
areas and a smaller seeder when reseeding smaller areas. Seeders
that broadcast and pack at the same time are the best, as they save a lot of time planting seed into the bare soil of large areas. Straw
is often used to cover seeded areas to preserve moisture and
reduce erosion / washing of soil areas.
the seedbed moist through the germination period, which is
at least 10-14 days during the seedling stage is an
important stage for good root development and insures
survival of the hot summers when planted in the lower
A mix of Fescue and other
grass varieties such as Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass works better in some areas than just planting fescue grass seed alone.
Preliminaries To Planting Fescue Grass
STEP 1- Make sure that Fescue Grass is suited
for the area location, weather and soil type that you have. Also make sure before you plant that it is the
type of grass you want.
See our www.lawngrasses.com
web site for help in determining and selecting the best grass for your particular lawn. Remember that
seeding takes time to establish a lawn and perhaps some areas might be more suitable sodded?
STEP 2- Measure and lay out your site - record the square feet lawn area that you
have. Different lawn grasses handle different aspects of your site in
unique ways. What may be a suitable site for some grasses is not for others. Allow for other types of
shrubs and ground covers for use in the areas that are not suitable.
STEP 3- Pull soil samples and have a qualified laboratory test your soil for nutrients
and deficiencies. Then you will be able to fertilize correctly and make other soil adjustments as needed. You can apply the adjustments before tilling so as to
incorporate them uniformly. Fertilizers are best applied after tilling but before dragging / raking the
soil areas level. You can also apply the fertilizers immediately after planting to Fescue grass lawn areas you
have seeded. Do not over-fertilize if planting in the fall as nitrogen can make Fescue more winter kill susceptible.
Preparing The Ground For Seed and Sod
STEP 4- Your next step is to prepare your site for your seed. We are going to assume that you will be "killing" off your existing grass and/or weeds. If you need to
overseed see the section on overseeding with fescue seed in our 1-2-3 Easyseed.
STEP 5- There are various methods you can use to "kill" off your current lawn. One method is to kill the existing grass with herbicides. Note that this
method has been found to be harmful to soil, humans, animals and the environment and you still have to till the area, often multiple times.
Alternative methods To "kill" existing
lawns that are effective:
- Soil Solarization - This is where you cover the area to be planted with clear
plastic and let the sun bake the underlying grass and weeds to death for a few weeks before tilling. This method also kills pathogens, weed seed, nematodes and other pests in the soil to
a depth of 6 inches. Beneficial soil organisms are able to either survive solarization or recolonize the soil very quickly afterwards. Step by step instructions about this very effective technique from the
University of California Agriculture Department.
- Cardboard - Cover the area you wish to kill existing vegetation with overlapping pieces of cardboard. Add mulch, topsoil according to what you plan to plant.
- Vinegar - White distilled or pickling vinegar has been found to be an effective weed killer that does not harm the soil or environment. Just be careful that you spray only the
plants or grass you want to kill. then till the area removing all debri.
- Another method is to just tiller (rotor-till) the
existing weeds and grasses without killing the plants with chemicals.
STEP 6- Most likely you will need to tiller the lawn at least two times so as to
incorporate the soil and old plant material uniformly. A good plan is to till the lawn and then wait a week before tilling a second time.
This results in more "kill" of current plants in your lawn area.
STEP 7- After tilling the lawn ... you need to drag and level the surface to provide for a clean, smooth
and level surface to plant within. Properly leveling your lawn now will help to avoid the lawn
being scalped by your mower. You can use a rake to do this step or for bigger areas some sort
of heavy drag like device drug behind a tractor or riding lawn mower can achieve similar results.
Break up clods of dirt to create a fine seedbed in the top 3 inches of soil.
STEP 8 - READY
Now that your lawn surface is ready to seed...
continue on to our
EasySeed steps for HOW-TO's on
seeding your lawn. Or visit www.sodding.com
for sodded lawns.
BUY FESCUE GRASS SEED ONLINE NOW FROM SEEDLAND.COM
a beautiful tomorrow!®